Skin Cancer (Basal Cell Carcinoma) (Squamous Cell Carcinoma) (Melanoma)


Of all the cancers that humans can get, skin cancer is the most common form of cancer. In the United States, skin cancer is increasing in all races. Although is it the most common type of cancer, it also the most preventable and treatable cancer. The cure rate of skin cancer is very high when detected and treated early.



Basal cell carcinoma pictureBasal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer, affecting more than a million people in the United States each year. Basel cell carcinoma may be caused by both cumulative and intense, intermittent sun exposure. This cancer often occurs in body areas that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, scalp, neck, hands and arms. The cure rate for this type of skin cancer is very high when detected and treated early.


Squamous cell carcinoma pictureSquamous Cell Carcinoma 
Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common skin cancer, caused by cumulative long-term sun exposure. This cancer often occurs in body areas that are exposed to the sun, such as an ear, face, bald scalp, neck or arm. The cure rate is very high when detected and treated early. Without treatment, it can grow deeply. If this happens, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body.


Melanoma pictureMelanoma
Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer. Heredity can play a major role in melanoma, but the disease may often be triggered by intense, intermittent sun exposure. In the past several decades, as outdoor recreational activities have increased and fashions have left more skin exposed, melanoma incidence rates have more than tripled.

 
Fair-skinned people with light hair and eye color and people who have had sunburns or tend to burn easily are at increased risk of developing melanoma. People with large, unusually colored and irregularly shaped moles are also at a higher risk. In its earliest stages, Melanoma is readily treatable. Left untreated, it can spread to vital organs, frequently becoming life-threatening.


ABCDE's of Skin Cancer


A change is often the first sign of melanoma; therefore, it is important to know where moles appear and what they look like. When diagnosed and treated before it spreads, melanoma has a high cure rate. Ask someone for help when checking your skin, especially in hard to see places. If you notice a mole different from others, or that changes, enlarges, itches, or bleeds (even if it is small), you should see a dermatologist.

Mole without asymmetry

Mole with irregular border Mole with multiple colors Mole with a diameter greater than 6mm Mole or skin lesion that is changing or evolving
Asymmetry
One half unlike the other half.
Border
Irregular, scalloped
or poorly defined border.
Color
Varied from one area
to another; shades
of tan and brown, black; sometimes white, red or blue.
Diameter
While melanomas are usually greater than 6mm (the size of a pencil eraser) when diagnosed, they can
be smaller.
Evolving
A mole or skin lesion that looks different from the rest or is changing in size, shape, or color.



Skin Cancer Treatment Options (not limited to):


+Mohs Micrographic Skin Cancer Surgery
+Excisional Surgery
+Electrodessication and Curettage
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