Cysts are fluid or semi-fluid filled sacs that may be bothersome or cosmetically undesired. Cysts are common on the skin and can appear anywhere on people of all ages. Cysts can vary in size, and can develop as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), genetic or inherited conditions, or around foreign bodies, such as earrings.
Treatment Options (not limited to):
In most cases, fluid of the cyst can be drained by inserting needles into the cyst cavity, resulting in collapse of the cyst. Radiologic imaging may be used for guidance in draining or aspirating cyst contents if the cyst is not easily accessible. Drainage or removal of a cyst at home is not advised.
Surgical removal of a cyst is sometimes necessary. If there is any suspicion that a cyst is cancerous, the cyst is generally removed by surgery or a biopsy is taken of the cyst wall (capsule) to rule out malignancy. In certain cases, aspirated fluid from a cyst is examined under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present in the cyst.