Acne (Acne Vulgaris)


What is Acne?

Acne or acne vulgaris is a very common skin disease for people of all ages from babies to older adults. Acne is characterized by areas on the skin with blemishes such as blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, pimples and nodules. Causes of acne include hormonal activity, genetics, bacteria and increased stress. Several types of acne treatments are available depending on the type and severity of ones acne and their medical history including topical and oral acne medication.


Acne Symptoms

Symptoms of acne can range from small to large areas on the skin with blemishes such as blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, pimples and nodules. These areas may become pink or reddish in color and become raised known as pimples or pustules. Raised red spots may become infected and form a white center called a whitehead. Blackheads are formed when the surface is exposed causing the center to darken. Lumps underneath the skin that can be red and sensitive to the touch are called cysts. Acne appears on the face, but it can appear on the back, chest, neck, shoulders, upper arms and buttocks.


Causes of Acne

Acne causes can include hormonal activity, genetics, bacteria and increased stress. Acne occurs when a hair follicle or pore gets plugged with a combination of oil called sebum and dead skin cells. An overproduction of oil, unbalanced shedding of dead skin and buildup of bacteria can all be factors of clogged pores. These plugged pores allow bacteria to thrive. Normal riddance of dead skin cells occurs and the body sheds the cells from the pores. The sebaceous glands in the hair follicle secrete the oil, sebum, that naturally travels up along the hair shaft and out of the hair follicle opening to lubricate the hair and skin. Overproduction of either sebum or dead skin cells can cause clogged pores that turn into acne.
Acne can cause more than blemishes. Studies show that people who have acne can have low self-esteem, depression, dark spots on the skin and scars. At Dermatology Associates of Wisconsin, we are experts in acne skin care treatment.


Who gets Acne?

As a common skin disease, over 40 million people in the United States have acne. Anyone at any any age can get acne. The majority of people who suffer from acne are teenagers or young adults. Newborn babies can get acne as well. Acne rosacea is another form of acne that middle aged adults can get.






Acne Treatment Options (not limited to):

+Acne Extraction
+Benzoyl Peroxide
+Topical Retinoids (Retin A, Differin)
+Topical Antibiotics
+Oral Antibiotics
+Isotretinoin
+Blue Light Therapy
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